The NO3-NO2-NO Pathway: How dietary nitrate impacts our physiology

How nitrate impacts your cardiovascular system
— A quick primer —


1. Drink your shot

Over 90% of the ingested nitrate is absorbed into your bloodstream via the intestine

Nitrate (NO3) stays elevated in your bloodstream 6-8 hours

2. Bloodstream absorption

25% of the nitrate in your bloodstream is absorbed and concentrated by your salivary glands

75% of the nitrate (NO3) is excreted by your kidneys

3. Nitrate-rich saliva

Bacteria on the tongue converts nitrate to nitrite

It’s the only way our bodies convert nitrate (NO3) to nitrite (NO2)

4. Conversion to nitric oxide

Acid in the stomach converts nitrite to nitric oxide

Nitric oxide (NO) is a vasodilator that improves cardiovascular performance

5. The Benefits of Beet It

Greater endurance • Enhanced strength

Improved sprint times

Improved blood flow • Lowered blood pressure

The discovery of nitric oxide as a vasodilator was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1998