Health & Sport Performance Research

Consistency, quality and quantity make Beet It Sport the #1 natural nitrate supplement used in peer-reviewed research

The go-to standard for 200+ clinical studies on sport performance and human health

We talk a lot about the research for a very good reason.

Beet It Sport shots are the only beet juice supplement that guarantee 400mg of natural nitrate from concentrated beetroot juice – the amount advised for sports performance improvement. This is why our Beet It Sport Shots have become the go-to standard among elite athletes and researchers.

Beet It Sport shots have been independently used for research in over 200 nutritional, medical and sports science institutes and universities in over 30 countries worldwide (UK, US, Australia, Canada, China, Africa, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, The Netherlands and many more).

2017
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation and exercise tolerance in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
    Hirai et al (2017) – Queens University, Canada
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances short but not longer duration running time-trial performance- using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    European Journal of Applied Physiology
    Shannon et al (2017) – Leeds Beckett University, UK
  • Influence of iodide ingestion on nitrate metabolism and blood pressure following short-term dietary nitrate supplementation in healthy normotensive adults- using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide
    Bailey et al (2017) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Effect of dietary nitrate supplementation on swimming performance in trained swimmers- using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
    Lowings et al (2017) – Leeds Beckett University, UK 
  • The effects of dietary nitrate supplementation on the adaptations to sprint interval training in previously untrained males  
    Science and Medicine in Sport Society
    Muggeridge et al (2017) – University of the West of Scotland, UK
  • Effects of beetroot juice supplementation on cardiorespiratory endurance in athletes. A systematic review
    Nutrients
    Dominguez et al (2017) – Alfonso X el Sabio University, Spain
  • Dietary nitrate load lowers blood pressure and renal resistive index in patients with chronic kidney disease: A pilot study
    Nitric Oxide 
    Kemmner et al (2017) – Technical University of Munich, Germany
  • Dietary interventions for fetal growth restriction – therapeutic potential of dietary nitrate supplementation in pregnancy
    The Journal of Physiology
    Cottrell et al (2017) – University of Manchester, UK

 

2016
  • A stepwise reduction in plasma and salivary nitrite with increasing strengths of mouthwash following a dietary nitrate load – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide
    Woessner et al (2016) – Victoria University, AUS
  • Influence of beetroot juice ingestion on intermittent exercise performance – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    European Journal of Applied Physiology
    Wylie et al (2016) – University of Exeter, UK
  • One Week of Daily Dosing With Beetroot Juice Improves Submaximal Endurance and Blood Pressure in Older Patients With Heart Failure – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology
    Eggebeen et al (2016) – Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, US
  • Dietary nitrate enhances arterial oxygen saturation after dynamic apnea – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
    Patrician & Schagatay (2016) – Mid Sweden University, SWE
  • Impact of flavanoid-rich black tea and beetroot juice on postprandial peripheral vascular resistance and glucose homeostasis in obese, insulin-resistant men: a randmized controlled trial – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    BioMed Central, Nutrition & Metabolism
    Fuchs et al (2016) – Radbound University Medical Center, NL
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances high-intensity running performance in moderate normobaric hypoxia, independant of aerobic fitness – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide
    Shannon et al (2016) – Leeds Beckett University, UK
  • Increase in maximal cycling power with acute dietary nitrate supplementation – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
    Rimer et al (2016) – University of Utah, US
  • Nitrate-Rich Vegetables Increase Plasma Nitrate and Nitrite Concentrations and Lower Blood Pressure in Healthy Adults – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    The Journal of Nutrition
    Jonvik et al (2016) – Maastricht University, NL
  • Beetroot juice supplementation improves exercise performance in soccer players – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nyakayiru et al (2016) – Maastricht University, NL 
  • Dietary Nitrate supplementation attenuates the reduction in exercise tolerance following blood donation – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    American Journal of Physiology
    Jones et al (2016) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation improves sprint and high-intensity intermittent running performance – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide
    Jones et al (2016) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Influence of dietary nitrate supplementation on physiological and muscle metabolic adaptations to sprint interval training – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Applied Physiology
    Thompson et al (2016) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Is it rocket science – why dietary nitrate is hard to ‘beet’! Part I:  twists and turns in the realization of the nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway
    British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
    Khatri et al (2016) – Kings College London (BHF), UK
  • Is it rocket science – why dietary nitrate is hard to ‘beet’! Part II: further mechanisms and theraputic potential of the nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway
    Brisitsh Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
    Mills et al (2016) – Kings College London (BHF), UK
  • Does the ergogenicity of dietary nitrate depend on specific effects on type II muscle?
    Exercise and Sport Science Reviews
    Jones et al (2016) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Dietary nitrate and skeletal muscle contractile function in heart failure
    Circulation Heart Failure Reports
    Coggan & Peterson (2016) – Washington University, US
  • The Effect of Dietary Nitrate Supplementation on Endurance Exercise Performance in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Sports Medicine
    McMahon et al (2016) – University of Queensland, AUS 
  • Habitual dietary nitrate intake in well-trained athletes
    International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
    Jonvik et al (2016) – HAN University of Applied Sciences, NL
  • Comparison of Total Antioxidant Potential, and Total Phenolic, Nitrate, Sugar, and Organic Acid Contents in Beetroot Juice, Chips, Powder, and Cooked Beetroot
    Food Science and Biotechnology
    Vasconcellos et al (2016) – Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, BR

 

2015
  • Inorganic nitrate supplementation improves muscle oxygenation, O2 uptake kinetics, and exercise tolerance at high but not low pedal rates – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Applied Physiology
    Bailey et al (2015) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Dietary nitrate improves sprint performance and cognitive function during prolonged intermittent exercise – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    European Journal of Applied Physiology
    Jones et al (2015) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Dietary nitrate modulates cerebral blood flow parameters and cognitive performance in humans: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover investigation – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Physiology & Behaviour
    Wightman et al (2015) – Northumbria University, UK
  • Effects of handgrip exercise or inorganic nitrate supplementation on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure and peripheral arterial function in overweight and obese middle age and older adults: a pilot RCT – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Maturitas
    Lara et al (2015) – Newcastle University, UK
  • Acute dietary nitrate intake improves muscle contractile function in patients with heart failure- using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Circulation Heart Failure
    Coggan et al (2015) – Washington University School of Medicine, US
  • Effect of acute dietary nitrate intake on maximal knee-extensor speed and power in healthy men and women – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide 
    Coggan et al (2015) – Washington University School of Medicine, US
  • Effects of dietary nitrate, caffeine, and their combination on 20-km cycling time trial performance – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of strength and conditioning research
    Glasister et al (2015) –  St Mary’s University College, UK
  • Dietary nitrate reduces the O2 cost of desert marching but elevates the rise in core temperature – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    European Journal of Applied Physiology 
    Kuennen et al (2015) – High Point University, US
  • Dietary nitrate provides sustained blood pressure lowering in hypertensive patients: a randomized, phase 2, double-blind, placebo-controlled study – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Hypertension
    Kapil et al (2015) – Queen Mary University of London (WHRI), UK
  • Acute dietary nitrate supplementation improves arterial endothelial function at high altitude: a double-blinded randomized controlled cross over study – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide 
    Bakker et al (2015) – Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N
  • The effect of dietary nitrate supplementation on the oxygen cost of cycling, walking performance and resting blood pressure in individuals with chronic pulmonary disease: a double blind placebo controlled, randomised control trial– using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide
    Shepherd et al (2015) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation in COPD: an acute, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial- using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide
    Kerley et al (2015) – University College Dublin, IRE
  • Effects of sodium phosphate and beetroot juice supplementation on repeated-sprint ability in females – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    European Journal of Applied Physiology
    Buck et al (2015) – University of Western Austraila, AUS
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation improves exercise performance and decreases blood pressure in COPD patients – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide 
    Berry et al (2015) – Wake Forest University, US
  • Beetroot juice improves on-water 500m time-trial performance, and laboratory-based paddling economy in national and international-level kayak athletes – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
    Peeling et al (2015) – University of Western Australia, AUS
  • Dietary nitrate improves vascular function in patients with hypercholesterolemia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlledstudy – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 
    Ahluwalia et al (2015) – Queen Mary University of London (WHRI), UK
  • Effect of inorgnic nitrate on exercise capacity in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Heart Failure
    Zamani et al (2015) – University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, US
  • Dietary inorganic nitrate and acute increases in exercise performance in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
    Woessner & Mary (2015) – Victoria University, AUS
  • Effect of acute dietary nitrate consumption on oxygen consumption during submaximal exercise in hypobaric hypoxia- using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
    Carriker et al (2015) – Indiana State University, US
  • Acute dietary nitrate supplementation enhances compensatory vasodilation during hypoxic exercise in older adults – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Applied Physiology
    Casey et al (2015) – University of Iowa, US
  • Effects of chronic dietary nitrate supplementation on the hemodynamic response to dynamic exercise– using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
    Lee et al (2015) – Kyung Hee University, SKR
  • Acute dietary nitrate supplementation and exercise performance in COPD: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised controlled pilot study – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    PLOS ONE
    Curtis et al (2015) – Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Trust Imperial College, UK 
  • A double blind randomized placebo control crossover trial on the effect of dietary nitrate supplementation on exercise tolerance in stable moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease– using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    BMC Pulmonary Medicine
    Leong et al (2015) – Monash Medical Centre, AUS
  • Dietary nitrate enhances power output during the early phases of maximal intensity sprint cycling – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    University of Lincoln
    Corry et al (2015) – University of Lincoln, UK
  • Ageing modifies the effects of beetroot juice supplementation on 24-hour blood pressure variability: An individual participant meta-analysis – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide 
    Siervo et al (2015) – Newcastle University, UK
  • Short-term dietary nitrate supplementation augments cutaneous vasodilation and reduces mean arterial pressure in healthy humans – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Microvascular Research
    Keen et al (2015) – Kansas State University, US
  • Aerobic fitness affects the exercise performance responses to nitrate supplementation
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
    Porcelli et al (2015) – University of Louisville, US 
  • High-nitrate vegetable diet increases plasma nitrate and nitrite concentrations and reduces blood pressure in healthy women
    Public Health Nutrition
    Ashworth et al (2015) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Short-term effects of a high nitrate diet on nitrate metabolism in healthy individuals
    Nutrients
    Bondonno et al (2015) – University of Western Austraila, AUS
  • Suppression of erythropoiesis by dietary nitrate
    FASEB Journal
    Ashmore et al (2015) – University of Cambridge, UK

 

2014
  • A single dose of beetroot juice enhances cycling performance in simulated altitude – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
    Muggeridge et al (2014) – University of the West of Scotland, UK
  • Acute dietary nitrate supplementation decreases blood pressure and increases dry static apnea performance in females – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Exercise Physiology online
    Collofello et al (2014) – University of St. Francis, US
  • The effect of variable doses of inorganic nitrate-rich beetroot juice on simulated 2000-m rowing performance in trained athletes – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
    Hoon et al (2014) – University of Sydney, AUS
  • Dietary nitrate reduces skeletal muscle oxygenation response to physical exercise: a quantitative muscle functional MRI study – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Physiological Reports
    Bentley et al (2014) – University of Aberdeen, UK
  • Effects of acute dietary nitrate supplementation on 30-second wingate performance in healthy collegiate males – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    British Journal of Sports Medicine
    Rothwell & Alkhatib (2014) – Sheffield Hallam University, UK 
  • Nitrate supplementation enhances the contractile properties of human skeletal muscle – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
    Haider & Folland (2014) – Loughborough University, UK
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation improves reaction time in type 2 diabetes: development and application of a novel nitrate-depleted beetroot juice placebo – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide
    Gilchrist et al (2014) – University of Exeter, UK 
  • Inorganic nitrate supplementation improves exercise capacity in subjects with HF with preserved EF: a pilot study – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Cardiac Failure
    Zamani et al (2014) – University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, US
  • Acute dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the oxygen cost of submaximal exercise in COPD – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Thorax
    Curtis et al (2014) – Imperial College London, UK
  • Dietary nitrate accelerates post-exercise muscle metabolic recovery and O2 delivery in hypoxia – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Applied Physiology
    Vanhatalo et al (2014) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Beetroot supplementation lowers daily systolic blood pressure in older, overweight subjects – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nutrition Research
    Jajja et al (2014) –  Newcastle University, UK
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation: effects on plasma nitrite and pulmonary O2 uptake dynamics during exercise in hypoxia and normoxia – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
    Kelly et al (2014) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Dose dependent effects of nitrate supplementation on cardiovascular control and microvascular oxygen dynamics in healthy rats – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Nitric Oxide
    Ferguson et al (2014) – Kansas State University, US
2013
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation improves team sport-specific intense intermittent exercise performance – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    European Journal of Applied Physiology
    Wylie et al (2013) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Effects of nitrate on the power-duration relationship for severe-intensity exercise – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
    Kelly et al (2013) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Beetroot juice and exercise: pharmacodynamics and dose-response relationships – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Applied Physiology
    Wylie et al (2013) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Beetroot juice supplementation speeds O2 uptake kinetics and improves exercise tolerance during severe-intensity exercise – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    American Journal of Physiology
    Breese et al (2013) – Liverpool Hope University, UK
  • Influence of nitrate supplementation on VO2 kinetics and endurance of elite cyclists – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
    Christensen et al (2013) – University of Copenhagen, DK
  • Influence of dietary nitrate supplementation on human skeletal muscle metabolism and force production during maximum voluntary contractions – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    European Journal of Physiology
    Fulford et al (2013) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Likely additive ergogenic effects of combined preexercise dietary nitrate and caffeine ingestion in trained cyclists – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    International Scholarly Research Notices: Nutrition
    Handzlik & Gleeson (2013) – University of Nottingham Medical School, UK
  • Effects of dietary nitrate supplementation on 5 km running time trial performance in trained female runners – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    British Journal of Sports Medicine
    Lanceley et al (2013) – Sheffield Hallam University, UK
  • Influence of dietary nitrate supplementation on physiological and cognitive responses to incremental cycle exercise – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
    Thompson et al (2013) – University of Canberra, AUS
  • Impact of dietary nitrate supplementation via beetroot juice on exercising muscle vascular control in rats – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    European Journal of Applied Physiology
    Ferguson et al (2013) – Kansas State University, US

 

2012
  • Acute dietary nitrate supplementation improves dry static apnea performance – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
    Engan et al (2012) –  Mid Sweden University, SWE
  • Blood pressure-lowering effects of beetroot juice and novel beetroot enriched bread products in normotensive male subjects – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    British Journal of Nutrition
    Hobbs et al (2012) – University of Reading, UK
  • Influence of acute dietary nitrate supplementation on 50 mile time trial performance in well-trained cyclists – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    European Journal of Applied Physiology
    Wilkerson et al (2012) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Nitrate supplementation’s improvement of 10-km time-trial performance in trained cyclists – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
    Cermak et al (2012) – McMaster University, CAN
  • The effects of a single dose of concentrated beetroot juice on performance in trained flatwater kayakers – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
    Muggeridge et al (2012) – University of the West of Scotland, UK
  • Blood pressure-lowering effects of beetroot juice and novel beetroot-enriched bread products in normotensive male subjects – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    British Journal of Nutrition
    Hobbs et al (2012) – University of Reading, UK
  • Enhanced vasodilaor activity of nitrite in hypertension: critical role for erythrocytic xanthine oxidoreductase and translational – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Hypertension
    Ghosh et al (2012) – Queen Mary University of London (WHRI), UK
  • Dietary nitrate improves muscle but not cerebral oxygenation status during exercise in hypoxia
    Journal of Applied Physiology
    Masschelein et al (2012) – University of Leuven, B
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation improves rowing performance in well-trained rowers
    International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
    Bond et al (2012) – Waikato Institute of Technology, NZ

 

2011
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the O2 cost of walking and running: a placebo-controlled study – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Applied Physiology
    Lansley et al (2011) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Acute dietary nitrate supplementation improves cycling time trial performance – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    American College of Sports Medicine
    Lansley et al (2011) – University of Exeter, UK
  • A beetroot juice shot is a significant and convenient source of bioacessible antioxidants – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Functional Foods
    Wootton-Beard & Ryan (2011) – Oxford Brooks University, UK
  • Dietary nitrate reduces metabolic perturbation and improves exercise tolerance in hypoxia – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Physiology
    Vanhatalo et al (2011) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances exercise performance in peripheral arterial disease
    Journal of Applied Physiology
    Kenjale et al (2011) – Duke University, US
  • Dietary inorganic nitrate improves mitochondrial efficiency in humans
    Cell Metabolism
    Larsen et al (2011) – Karolinska Institutet, SWE
  • “Dietary nitrate – a slow train coming?”
    European Journal of Applied Physiology (November 2011)
    Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet Stockholm – Prof Jon Lundberg et al
  • “A toast to health and performance! Beetroot juice lowers blood pressure and the O2 cost of exercise”
    Journal of Applied Physiology 110: 585-586 (2011)
    Department of Applied Physiology & Kinesiology, Centre for Exercise Science, University of Florida
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances exercise performance in peripheral arterial disease
    European Journal of Applied Physiology
    Kenjale et al (2011) – Duke University Medical Centre, US
2010
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances muscle contractile efficiency during knee-extensor exercise in humans – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Applied Physiology
    Bailey et al (2010) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Acute and chronic effects of dietary nitrate supplementation on blood pressure and the physiological responses to moderate intensity and incremental exercise – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    American Journal of Physiology
    Vanhatalo et al (2010) – University of Exeter, UK
  • Inorganic nitrate supplementation lowers blood pressure in humans – role for nitrite – derived NO
    Hypertension
    Kapil et al (2010) –  Queen Mary University of London (WHRI), UK

 

2009
  • Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the O2 cost of low-intensity exercise and enhances tolerance to high-intensity exercise in humans – using Beet It Beet-It-heart
    Journal of Applied Physiology
    Bailey et al (2009) – University of Exeter, UK
2008
  • Acute blood pressure lowering, vasoprotective, and antiplatelet properties of dietary nitrate via bioconversion to nitrite
    Hypertension
    Webb et al (2008) – Queen Mary University of London (WHRI), UK

 

2007
  • Effects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exercise
    Acta Physiologica
    Larsen et al (2007) – Karolinska Institutet, SWE

A summary of research by discipline and activity

When consumed in sufficient doses, the nitrate in Beet It Sport has been shown to positively impact athletic performance and human health in over a dozen different ways.

Click here to view our graphic representation summary of the many different sports and areas that researchers are exploring..

The nitrate-nitrite-nitric oxide pathway starts here

 

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1998 was awarded jointly to Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro and Ferid Murad "for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system".

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1998 was awarded jointly to Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro and Ferid Murad “for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system”.

 

It’s the discovery that launched hundreds of clinical studies, and triggered today’s the worldwide health and sports performance interest in Beet It Sport Shots and Bars.

From the New York Times:

Three American pharmacologists were awarded the Nobel Prize yesterday for their surprising discoveries of how natural production of a gas, nitric oxide, can mediate a wide variety of bodily actions. Those include widening blood vessels, helping to regulate blood pressure, initiating erections, battling infections, preventing formation of blood clots and acting as a signal molecule in the nervous system.

Click here for the original, official Nobel Prize announcement.

Athletic performance

Improved endurance and stamina (overall)

Improved endurance/running

Improved endurance/swimming

Improved performance/cycling time trial

Improved sprint performance

Improved strength and power

Speeds recovery

Improves cognitive function

Blood pressure and medical

Lowered blood pressure/healthy adults

Lowered blood pressure/ hypertensive patients

Improved respiration among COPD patients

Improved exercise capacity among heart failure patients